Richard Youngs, Carnegie Europe

Richard Youngs

Carnegie Europe


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  • Carnegie Europe
  • openDemocracy
  • Carnegie Endowment

Past articles by Richard:

Democracy After the European Parliament Elections

As the dust settles from the European elections, it is important to stand back from immediate political battles and assess the longer-term implications for European democracy. → Read More

Civic Activism Unleashed: New Hope or False Dawn for Democracy?

One of the signal events in global politics in the last decade has been the transformation of political and civic activism. Not only is the new activism qualitatively different in character from what it was in 2000; its intensity and frequency have dramatically increased. → Read More

Getting Europe’s Direct Democracy Right

Bottom-up citizen interest in more direct forms of political control is a genie that cannot easily be put back into a bottle. Across Europe, direct democracy needs to be improved rather than suppressed. → Read More

The Mobilization of Conservative Civil Society

What conservative civic activism portends for global civil society. → Read More

The EU Political Agenda Must Be Set by Ordinary Citizens

An EU rethink must include new voices and involve a fully participative process of consultation. → Read More

EU Needs a Smarter Response to the Catalonia Crisis

Brussels must reexamine its hands-off approach to the political impasse in Spain. Otherwise, Europe risks sleepwalking into yet another conflict. → Read More

What Are the Meanings Behind the Worldwide Rise in Protest?

What trends can we decipher when it comes to modern protests? Is there a pattern to the grievances that helps to explain the current spike in citizen mobilisation? → Read More

What are the meanings behind the worldwide rise in protest?

What trends can we decipher when it comes to modern protests? Is there a pattern to the grievances that helps to explain the current spike in protest? And what do we find when we compare organisational dynamics? → Read More

Can Macron’s Gamble to Save the EU Pay Off?

Giving citizens a say on Europe’s future could help the EU address multiple problems—as long as governments are willing to accept ideas that fall outside their standard templates for reform. → Read More

We Live in a Global “Age of Rage”—and It’s Entering a New Phase

Civic mobilization is an increasingly significant element of global politics—and an increasingly effective one. → Read More

Is “Hybrid Geopolitics” the Next EU Foreign Policy Doctrine?

The crisis in Ukraine has pushed the European Union to become a different kind of policy actor. → Read More

Europe’s Defense Fund Ignores Real Threat: Populism

The European Union should be investing in foreign policy and humanitarian aid, not weapons. → Read More

Online Q&A on Global Civic Activism

Members of Carnegie’s Civic Activism Network participate in a Reddit AUA on the important changes under way in civil society across the globe. → Read More

Shrinking Space for Civil Society: The EU Response

The EU needs to map out a clear strategic approach to tackle restrictions on civil society around the world. → Read More

Democracy Is Not Dying

The state of democracy around the world is very troubled, but it is not uniformly dire, especially outside the West. → Read More

Europe’s Eastern Crisis: The Geopolitics of Asymmetry

In recent years, a series of crises have erupted on the European Union’s eastern borders. In response, the EU has begun to map its own form of “liberal-redux geopolitics” that combines various strategic logics. → Read More

Global Civic Activism in Flux

Case studies from eight countries show how civic activism across the world is evolving and reveal crosscutting themes relevant to the future of civil society support. → Read More

New Directions for European Assistance in Turkey

Recent political developments in Turkey and the surrounding region pose challenges for practical aid cooperation between the EU and the Turkish government. → Read More

How We Can Reframe the Debate About Europe’s Populist Threat

If the age of populism is well and truly upon us, it becomes more vital than ever to understand and conceptualize this phenomenon accurately. → Read More

What Europe Can Learn From Spain

Spain’s political gridlock tells a woeful tale of the state of the EU and of European democracy, and places further strains on the eurozone’s stability. → Read More